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What is Stonehenge? Facts & History

Source : Stonehenge wikipedia

Stonehenge History and Meaning

On the county of Wiltshire, north of Salisbury and west of Amesbury, stood the most mind boggling stone structure that is one of the oldest monuments ever built by humans. What has been left today from the original structure is the inner part of the circular stone complex. England is full of this sort of ancient monuments, but among them, Stonehenge England is the most popular and most exquisite, as well as the most mysterious.

Stonehenge Theories

A lot of theories were created by experts to explain the significance of the great Stonehenge, and the exact time line when it was created. As a result, the structure timeline was divided into three major phases, with the third phase further divided into 5 categories.

Archaeologists proposed the idea of first parts of the Stonehenge existing around 8000 BC based on the five Mesolithic postholes which were said to have ritual significance. Around 3500 BC, the Stonehenge Curses is believed to have been made and have also believed to have ceremonial significance.

Unusual Stonehenge facts and Phases.

Phase 1
John Aubrey first discovered the Aubrey Holes, named after him, a circle of 56 pits, which consists the outer circular bank of the Stonehenge. Bones of deer and oxen were discovered in the site. These ditches were around 3100 BC. The enclosure is made of Seaford Chalk from the Late Cretaceous Age.

Phase 2
The phase 2 of the development of Stonehenge was believed to have been created as an enclosed cremation cemetery. During this time, timbers were placed inside the earlier enclosure made. There are evidences of cremation burials found, with some human bone remains, thus, making the Stonehenge as the first cremation cemetery that ever existed in England.

Phase 3.1
Two concentric arrangements of holes are found in the centre of the site, which dated back in 2600 BC. These holes are also believed to be the ruins of a double ring. There are 80 standing stones on the holes, 43 of which are still visible today. These enormous stones are made of bluestones.
A lot of theory existed about these stones. Some believed that they came from the Preseli Hills near Pembrokeshire, Wales. Some said they are glacial erratic from the Irish Sea Glacier. The structure consists of a wide north-eastern entrance, along the direction of the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset. This phase of the Stonehenge was left incomplete by its builders.
Among the possible highlights of this phase is the placement of the large portal stones, including the Slaughter Stone that remained, in the north-eastern entrance, the Station Stones and the Stonehenge Avenue.

Phase 3.2
Around 2600 BC to 2400 BC, thirty big Oligocene-Miocene stones were placed on the site. They are raised to create a 33 meter diameter circle. 30 stones resting on top of them formed a ring. The stones were arranged in such a delicate way that they look infinite when seen from the ground. Within the circle of stones are another set of stones connected in a symmetrical complicated joint. There are also carvings found on the stones, similar to the shape of daggers and axe-heads.
Near Stonehenge there were remains of huge fires found on the site are indicative of the interconnection between the circles. Some experts say that the sit e may have been used as a procession route. Parker Pearson had suggested the possibility of the site as a symbol of the land of the living and the dead.

Phase 3.3
The bluestones are said to have been re-structured during this phase of Stonehenge.

Phase 3.4
The bluestones were rearranged to from a new structure during this phase. They formed a measured space uprights. The altar stone was also erected vertically. This arrangement was somehow disorganized, and the erected stones have fallen over.

Phase 3.5
The re-arranged bluestones were removed in this phase. The builders have made a horseshoe-shaped setting of the stones, similar to the structure of the Seahenge in Norfolk.

This was the all phases if Stonehenge and the facts about it.

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